Chadian Profile
Chadian Profile

Chad is a landlocked country in northern Central Africa and rich in gold and uranium.

Location & Area:

  • It is bordered by Cameroon in south west, by the Central African Republic in south, by Libya in north, by Niger in west, by North Sudan in east and it has a border with Nigeria across Lake Chad.
  • It covers an area of 1.284 million km2.

Capital:

  • N'Djamena

National Day:

  • August 11

Climate:

  • Tropical in south, desert in north.

Terrain:

  • Broad, arid plains in center, desert in north, mountains in northwest, lowlands in south.

Population:

  • 15,833,116 (July 2018 estimate)

Languages:

  • French (official);
  • Arabic (official)

Flag:

  • Chad’s flag is three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), gold, and red.

Currency:

  • Central African CFA franc

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 23 regions includes; Barh el Gazel, Batha, Borkou, Chari-Baguirmi, Ennedi-Est, Ennedi-Ouest, Guera, Hadjer-Lamis, Kanem, Lac, Logone Occidental, Logone Oriental, Mandoul, Mayo-Kebbi Est, Mayo-Kebbi Ouest, Moyen-Chari, Ouaddai, Salamat, Sila, Tandjile, Tibesti, Ville de N'Djamena and Wadi Fira.

Constitution:

  • It is latest approved on April 30, 2018 by the National Assembly and entered into force on May 4, 2018.

Regime:

  • Presidential Republic

President of Chad:

  • Idriss Déby

Natural resources:

  • Petroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad), gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt.

Economy:

  • Agriculture products: Cotton, sorghum, millet, peanuts, sesame, corn, rice, potatoes, onions, cassava (manioc, tapioca), cattle, sheep, goats and camels.
  • Industries: Oil, cotton textiles, brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes and construction materials.
  • Main exports: Oil, livestock, cotton, sesame, gum Arabic and shea butter.
  • Main imports: Machinery and transportation equipment, industrial goods, foodstuffs and textiles.