Congolese Profile
Congolese Profile

The Republic of the Congo is located in on the west coast of sub-Saharan Africa. It has a very small coast line along the Atlantic.

Location & Area:

  • It is bordered by Gabon to the northwest, Cameroon and the Central African Republic to the north, the Democratic Republic of Congo to the East, and Gabon to the South.
  • It covers an area of 342,000 km2.

Capital:

  • Brazzaville

National Day:

  • August 15 (National Day)

Climate:

  • Tropical; rainy season (March to June); dry season (June to October); persistent high temperatures and humidity; particularly enervating climate astride the Equator.

Terrain:

  • Coastal plain, southern basin, central plateau, northern basin.

Population:

  • 5,062,021 (July 2018 estimate)

Languages:

  • French (Official);
  • Hausa;
  • Fulfude;
  • Gourmanchem;
  • Kanuri;
  • Zarma.

Flag:

  • Congo’s flag is divided diagonally from the lower hoist side by a yellow band; the upper triangle (hoist side) is green and the lower triangle is red

Currency:

  • CFA franc

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 12 departments includes; Bouenza, Brazzaville, Cuvette, Cuvette-Ouest, Kouilou, Lekoumou, Likouala, Niari, Plateaux, Pointe-Noire, Pool and Sangha.

Constitution:

  • It is latest approved by referendum on October 25, 2015.

Regime:

  • Presidential Republic

President of Congo:

  • Denis Sassou Nguesso

Natural resources:

  • Petroleum, timber, potash, lead, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphates, gold, magnesium, natural gas and hydropower.

Economy:

  • Agriculture products: Cassava (manioc, tapioca), sugar, rice, corn, peanuts, vegetables, coffee, cocoa; forest products.
  • Industries: Petroleum extraction, cement, lumber, brewing, sugar, palm oil, soap, flour and cigarettes.
  • Main exports: Petroleum, lumber, plywood, sugar, cocoa, coffee and diamonds.
  • Main imports: Capital equipment, construction materials and foodstuffs.