Gabonese Profile
Gabonese Profile

Gabon is a country at the Equator in West-Central Africa bordering the Atlantic Ocean in west.

Location & Area:

  • It is bordered by Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon to the north, the Republic of the Congo to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west; the islands of Sao Tome and Principe are situated off the coast.
  • It covers an area of 267,667 km2.

Capital:

  • Libreville

National Day:

  • August 17 (Independence Day)

Climate:

  • Tropical; always hot and humid.

Terrain:

  • Narrow coastal plain; hilly interior; savanna in east and south.

Population:

  • 2,119,036 (July 2018 estimate)

Languages:

  • French (official) and a variety of Bantu languages.

Flag:

  • Gabonese flag is three equal horizontal bands of green (top), yellow, and blue.

Currency:

  • Central African CFA franc

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 9 provinces includes; Estuaire, Haut-Ogooue, Moyen-Ogooue, Ngounie, Nyanga, Ogooue-Ivindo, Ogooue-Lolo, Ogooue-Maritime and Woleu-Ntem.

Constitution:

  • It is latest drafted in May 1990, adopted on March 15, 1991 and promulgated on March 26, 1991.

Regime:

  • Presidential Republic

President of Gabon:

  • Ali Bongo Ondimba

Natural resources:

  • Petroleum, natural gas, diamond, niobium, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore and hydropower.

Economy:

  • Agriculture products: Cocoa, coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber; cattle; okoume (a tropical softwood); fish.
  • Industries: Petroleum extraction and refining; manganese, gold; chemicals, ship repair, food and beverages, textiles, lumbering and plywood, cement.
  • Main exports: Crude oil, timber, manganese and uranium.
  • Main imports: Machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, and construction materials.