Republic of Ghana is located in West Africa. Ghana became the first sub-Saharan African country to gain its independence in 1957.
Location & Area:
- It borders Cote d’Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, Togo to the east and the Gulf of Guinea to the south.
- It covers an area of 238,533 km2.
- March 6 (Independence Day).
- Mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area.
- Tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north.
- 28,102,471 (July 2018 estimate).
- English (official), Akan (Twi–Fante), Hausa and about seventy more West African languages.
- Ghana’s flag is three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green, with a large black five-pointed star centered in the yellow band.
- Ghanaian cedi (GHS)
- It is divided into 10 regions includes; Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central, Eastern, Greater Accra, Northern, Upper East, Upper West, Volta and Western.
- It is approved and promulgated on April 28, 1992 and entered into force on January 7, 1993.
President of Ghana:
- Nana Akufo-Addo
- It is a constitutional republic with a parliamentary democracy with a president who is the head of the government as well as the head of the state and a parliament with one chamber.
- Every four years the Ghanaians elect a new president (and vice-president) and a new parliament.
- Gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt and limestone.
- Main exports: Oil, gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds and horticultural products.
- Main imports: Capital equipment, refined petroleum and foodstuffs.
- Industries: Mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building and petroleum.
- International trade relations:
Ghana is a member of the African Union, the African counterpart of the European Union. Moreover, Ghana is a member of a number of other production, agriculture and international trade organizations:
- Economic Community of West African States of ECOWAS.
- Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO/United Nations).
- Union of African States.
- International Monetary Fund.
- World Trade Organization WTO.
The most important tourist areas:
- Cape Coast Castle
- Elmina Castle
- National park