Ghanaian Profile
Ghanaian Profile

Republic of Ghana is located in West Africa. Ghana became the first sub-Saharan African country to gain its independence in 1957.

Location & Area:

  • It borders Cote d’Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, Togo to the east and the Gulf of Guinea to the south.
  • It covers an area of 238,533 km2.

Capital:

  • Accra

National Day:

  • March 6 (Independence Day).

Terrain:

  • Mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area.

Climate:

  • Tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north.

Population:

  • 28,102,471 (July 2018 estimate).

Languages:

  • English (official), Akan (Twi–Fante), Hausa and about seventy more West African languages.

Flag:

  • Ghana’s flag is three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green, with a large black five-pointed star centered in the yellow band.

Currency:

  • Ghanaian cedi (GHS)

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 10 regions includes; Ashanti, Brong-Ahafo, Central, Eastern, Greater Accra, Northern, Upper East, Upper West, Volta and Western.

Constitution:

  • It is approved and promulgated on April 28, 1992 and entered into force on January 7, 1993.

President of Ghana:

  • Nana Akufo-Addo

Regime:

  • It is a constitutional republic with a parliamentary democracy with a president who is the head of the government as well as the head of the state and a parliament with one chamber.
  • Every four years the Ghanaians elect a new president (and vice-president) and a new parliament.

Natural resources:

  • Gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt and limestone.

Economy:

  • Main exports: Oil, gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds and horticultural products.
  • Main imports: Capital equipment, refined petroleum and foodstuffs.
  • Industries: Mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building and petroleum.
  • International trade relations:

Ghana is a member of the African Union, the African counterpart of the European Union. Moreover, Ghana is a member of a number of other production, agriculture and international trade organizations:

- Economic Community of West African States of ECOWAS.

- Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO/United Nations).

- Union of African States.

- International Monetary Fund.

- UNCTAD.

- World Trade Organization WTO.

The most important tourist areas:

  • Accra
  • Kumasi
  • Cape Coast Castle
  • Elmina Castle
  • National park