Lesotho Profile
Tuesday, September 10, 2019
Lesotho Profile

Location & Area:

  • Officially, Kingdom of Lesotho, it is a landlocked kingdom, enclave of South Africa, by which is entirely surrounded.
  • It covers an area of 30,355 sq km (11,720 sq miles).

Capital:

  • Maseru

Independence Day:

  • October 4

Climate:

  • The weather is often unstable, with rapid changes in wind and temperature from day to day. Winter is the driest season, while summer is the rainiest.

Terrain:

  • Mostly highland with plateaus, hills, and mountains.

Population:

  • 1,962,461 (July 2018 estimate)

Languages:

  • English (official);
  • Sesotho (official).

Flag:

  • Lesotho’s flag is three horizontal stripes of blue (top), white, and green in the proportions of 3:4:3.

Currency:

  • Loti

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 10 districts includes; Berea, Butha-Buthe, Leribe, Mafeteng, Maseru, Mohale's Hoek, Mokhotlong, Qacha's Nek, Quthing and Thaba-Tseka.

Constitution:

  • The latest constitution adopted on April 2, 1993 (effectively restoring the 1967 version).

Regime:

  • Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy

King of Lesotho:

  • King Letsie III

Natural resources:

  • Water, agricultural and grazing land, diamonds, sand, clay and building stone.

Economy:

  • Agriculture products: Corn, wheat, pulses, sorghum, barley and livestock.
  • Industries: Food, beverages, textiles, apparel assembly, handicrafts, construction and tourism.
  • Main exports: Manufactures (clothing, footwear), wool and mohair, food and live animals, electricity, water and diamonds.
  • Main imports: Food; building materials, vehicles, machinery, medicines and petroleum products.