Malawian Profile
Malawian Profile

Malawi, officially known as the Republic of Malawi, is a landlocked country in south-eastern Africa.

Location & Area:

  • It is bordered by Mozambique on the east and southwest, by Tanzania on the north and northeast, and by Zambia on the west and northwest.
  • It covers an area of 118,484 km2.

Capital:

  • Lilongwe

National Day:

  • July 6 (Republic Day)

Climate:

  • Sub-tropical; rainy season (November to May); dry season (May to November).

Terrain:

  • Narrow elongated plateau with rolling plains, rounded hills and some mountains.

Population:

  • 19,842,560 (July 2018 estimate)

Languages:

  • English;
  • Chichewa

Flag:

  • Malawi’s flag is three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green with a radiant, rising, red sun centered on the black band.

Currency:

  • Malawian kwacha

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 28 districts includes; Balaka, Blantyre, Chikwawa, Chiradzulu, Chitipa, Dedza, Dowa, Karonga, Kasungu, Likoma, Lilongwe, Machinga, Mangochi, Mchinji, Mulanje, Mwanza, Mzimba, Neno, Ntcheu, Nkhata Bay, Nkhotakota, Nsanje, Ntchisi, Phalombe, Rumphi, Salima, Thyolo and Zomba.

Constitution:

  • It is latest drafted on January to May 1994, approved on May 16, 1994 and entered into force on May 18, 1995.

Regime:

  • Presidential Republic

President of Malawi:

  • Peter Mutharika

Natural resources:

  • Limestone, arable land, hydropower, unexploited deposits of uranium, coal, and bauxite.

Economy:

  • Agriculture products: Tobacco, sugarcane, tea, corn, potatoes, sweet potatoes, cassava (manioc, tapioca), sorghum, pulses, cotton, groundnuts, macadamia nuts, coffee; cattle and goats.
  • Industries: Tobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement and consumer goods.
  • Main exports: Tobacco, dried legumes, sugar, tea, cotton, peanuts, coffee and soy.
  • Main imports: Food, petroleum products, semi-manufactures, consumer goods and transportation equipment.