Malian Profile
Malian Profile

Mali is a landlocked country in interior of Western Africa, it have large parts in the north reach deep into the center of the Sahara.

Location & Area:

  • It is bordered by Algeria in north, by Niger in east, by Burkina Faso and Cote d'Ivoire in south, by Guinea in south-west, and by Senegal and Mauritania in west.
  • It covers an area of 1,240,192 km2.

Capital:

  • Bamako

National Day:

  • September 22 (Independence Day)

Climate:

  • Subtropical to arid; hot and dry (February to June); rainy, humid, and mild (June to November); cool and dry (November to February).

Terrain:

  • Mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna in south, rugged hills in northeast.

Population:

  • 18,429,893 (July 2018 estimate)

Languages:

  • French (official);
  • Bambara (Bamanankan), a Mande language.

Flag:

  • Mali’s flag is three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), yellow, and red.

Currency:

  • West African CFA franc

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 8 regions includes; Gao, Kayes, Kidal, Koulikoro, Mopti, Segou, Sikasso, Tombouctou (Timbuktu) and 1 district; District de Bamako.

Constitution:

  • It is latest drafted in August 1991, approved by referendum on January 12, 1992 and effective on February 25, 1992.

Regime:

  • Semi-Presidential Republic

President of Mali:

  • Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta

Natural resources:

  • Gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, gypsum, granite, hydropower, note, bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits.

Economy:

  • Agriculture products: Cotton, millet, rice, corn, vegetables, peanuts; cattle, sheep and goats.
  • Industries: Food processing; construction; phosphate and gold mining.
  • Main exports: Cotton, gold and livestock.
  • Main imports: Petroleum, machinery and equipment, construction materials, foodstuffs and textiles.