Mozambican Profile
Mozambican Profile

Republic of Mozambique borders Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa, and Swaziland. Its long Indian Ocean coastline (of 2,500 kilometers) faces east to Madagascar.

Location & Area:

  • Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania.
  • It covers an area of 799,380 km2.

Capital:

  • Maputo

National Day:

  • June 25 (Independence Day)

Climate:

  • Tropical to subtropical

Terrain:

  • Mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west.

Population:

  • 27,233,789 (July 2018 estimate).

Languages:

  • Portuguese (official);
  • Emakhuwa;
  • Xichangana;
  • Cisena;
  • Elomwe;
  • Echuwabo;
  • Other Mozambican languages.

Flag:

  • Mozambique’s flag is three equal horizontal bands of green (top), black, and yellow with a red isosceles triangle based on the hoist side; the black band is edged in white; centered in the triangle is a yellow five-pointed star bearing a crossed rifle and hoe in black superimposed on an open white book.

Currency:

  • Mozambican metical (MZN or MT)

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 10 provinces includes; Cabo Delgado, Gaza, Inhambane, Manica, Maputo, Nampula, Niassa, Sofala, Tete and Zambezia and 1 city; Cidade de Maputo.

Constitution:

  • It is latest adopted on November 16, 2004 and effective on December 21, 2004.

Regime:

  • Presidential Republic

President of Mozambique:

  • Filipe Nyusi

Natural resources:

  • Coal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, tantalum and graphite.

Economy:

  • Agriculture products: Cotton, cashew nuts, sugarcane, tea, cassava (manioc, tapioca), corn, coconuts, sisal, citrus and tropical fruits, potatoes, sunflowers; beef and poultry.
  • Industries: Aluminum, petroleum products, chemicals (fertilizer, soap, paints), textiles, cement, glass, asbestos, tobacco, food and beverages.
  • Main exports: Aluminum, prawns, cashews, cotton, sugar, citrus, timber and bulk electricity.
  • Main imports: Machinery, equipment, vehicles, fuel, chemicals, metal products, foodstuffs and textiles.