Nigeria Profile
Tuesday, September 10, 2019
Nigeria Profile

Location & Area:

  • Officially, the Federal Republic of Nigeria, a country in West Africa, with a coast at the Bight of Benin and the Gulf of Guinea. Nigeria is bordered by Benin, Cameroon, Chad, and Niger; it shares maritime borders with Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, and São Tomé and Príncipe.
  • It covers an area of 923,768 sq km (356,669 sq miles).

Capital:

  • Abuja

Independence Day:

  • October 1

Climate:

  • Nigeria has a tropical climate with variable rainy and dry seasons, depending on location. It is hot and wet most of the year in the southeast but dries in the southwest and farther inland.

Terrain:

  • Southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north.

Population:

  • 203,452,505 (July 2018 estimate)

Languages:

  • English (official);
  • Hausa

Flag:

  • Nigeria’s flag is three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and green.

Currency:

  • Nigerian naira

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 36 states includes; Abia, Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekiti, Enugu, Gombe, Imo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Lagos, Nasarawa, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe and Zamfara and 1 territory includes; Federal Capital Territory.

Constitution:

  • The current constitution adopted on May 5, 1999 and effective on May 29, 1999.

Regime:

  • Federal Presidential Republic

President of Nigeria:

  • Muhammadu Buhari

Natural resources:

  • Natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc and arable land.

Economy:

  • Agriculture products: Cocoa, peanuts, cotton, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava (manioc, tapioca), yams, rubber; cattle, sheep, goats, pigs; timber an fish.
  • Industries: Crude oil, coal, tin, columbite; rubber products, wood; hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics and steel.
  • Main exports: Petroleum and petroleum products 95%, cocoa and rubber (2012 estimate).
  • Main imports: Machinery, chemicals, transport equipment, manufactured goods, food and live animals.