São Tomé and Principian Profile
São Tomé and Principian Profile

Sao Tome and Principe, officially the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, is an island country in Western and Central Africa. It consists of two islands of volcanic origin and a number of smaller islets lying off the coast of Africa.

Location & Area:

  • Central Africa, islands in the Gulf of Guinea, just north of the Equator, west of Gabon.
  • It covers an area of 964 km2.

Capital:

  • Sao Tome

National Day:

  • July 12 (Independence Day)

Climate:

  • Tropical; hot, humid; one rainy season (October to May).

Terrain:

  • Volcanic, mountainous

Population:

  • 204,454 (July 2018 estimate)

Languages:

  • Portuguese (official)

Flag:

  • Sao Tome and Principe’s flag is three horizontal bands of green (top), yellow (double width), and green with two black five-pointed stars placed side by side in the center of the yellow band and a red isosceles triangle based on the hoist side.

Currency:

  • São Tomé and Príncipe dobra (STD)

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 6 districts includes; Agua Grande, Cantagalo, Caue, Lemba, Lobata and Me-Zochi and 1 autonomous region; Principe.

Constitution:

  • It is approved on November 5, 1975

Regime:

  • Semi-Presidential Republic

President of Sao Tome and Principe:

  • Manuel Pinto da Costa

Natural resources:

  • Fish and hydropower

Economy:

The economy of São Tomé and Príncipe is based mainly on agricultural production, while increasingly dependent on the export of cocoa beans.

  • Agriculture products: Cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, copra, cinnamon, pepper, coffee, bananas, papayas, beans; poultry and fish.
  • Industries: Light construction, textiles, soap, beer, fish processing and timber.
  • Main exports: Cocoa, copra, coffee and palm oil.
  • Main imports: Machinery and electrical equipment, food products and petroleum products.