Senegalese Profile
Senegalese Profile

The Republic of Senegal is located in West Africa on the Atlantic Ocean.

Location & Area:

  • Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania.
  • It covers an area of 196,722 km2.

Capital:

  • Dakar

National Day:

  • April 4 (Independence Day).

Climate:

  • Tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (May to November) has strong southeast winds; dry season (December to April) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind.

Terrain:

  • Generally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills in southeast.

Population:

  • 15,020,945 (July 2018 estimate).

Languages:

  • French (official)
  • Wolof

Flag:

  • Senegal’s flag is three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), yellow, and red with a small green five-pointed star centered in the yellow band.

Currency:

  • West African CFA Franc

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 14 regions includes; Dakar, Diourbel, Fatick, Kaffrine, Kaolack, Kedougou, Kolda, Louga, Matam, Saint-Louis, Sedhiou, Tambacounda, Thies and Ziguinchor.

Constitution:

  • It is latest adopted by referendum on 7 January 2001 and promulgated on 22 January 2001.

Regime:

  • Presidential Republic

President of Senegal:

  • Macky Sall

Natural resources:

  • Fish, phosphates and iron ore.

Economy:

Senegal’s economy is driven by mining, construction, tourism, fisheries and agriculture, which are the primary sources of employment in rural areas. The country's key export industries include phosphate mining, fertilizer production, agricultural products and commercial fishing and Senegal is also working on oil exploration projects.

Agriculture products: Peanuts, millet, corn, sorghum, rice, cotton, tomatoes, green vegetables; cattle, poultry, pigs and fish.

Industries: Agricultural, fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining, zircon, gold mining, construction materials and ship construction and repair.

Main exports: Fish, groundnuts (peanuts), petroleum products, phosphates and cotton.

Main imports: Food, beverages, capital goods and fuels.