Sierra Leonean Profile
Sierra Leonean Profile

Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa.

Location & Area:

  • Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea and Liberia.
  • It covers an area of 71,740 km2.

Capital:

  • Freetown

National Day:

  • April 27 (Independence Day).

Climate:

  • Tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December); winter dry season (December to April).

Terrain:

  • Coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau, mountains in east.

Population:

  • 6,312,212 (July 2018 estimate).

Languages:

  • English (official, regular use limited to literate minority);
  • Mende (principal vernacular in the south);
  • Temne (principal vernacular in the north).

Flag:

  • Sierra Leone's flag is three equal horizontal bands of light green (top), white, and light blue.

Currency:

  • Sierra Leonean leone.

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 4 provinces includes; Eastern, Northern, North Western and Southern and 1 area;Western.

Constitution:

  • Latest effective on October 1, 1991.

Regime:

  • Presidential Republic.

President of Sierra Leone:

  • Julius Maada Bio

Natural resources:

  • Diamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold and chromite.

Economy:

  • Agriculture products: Rice, coffee, cocoa, palm kernels, palm oil, peanuts, cashews; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs and fish.
  • Industries: Diamond mining; iron ore, rutile and bauxite mining; small-scale manufacturing (beverages, textiles, footwear).
  • Main exports: Iron ore, diamonds, rutile, cocoa, coffee and fish.
  • Main imports: Foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, fuels and lubricants and chemicals.