South African Profile
South African Profile

South Africa has one of the continent's biggest and most developed economies.

Location & Area:

  • Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa.
  • It covers an area of 1,219,090 km2.

Capital:

  • Pretoria (administrative capital);
  • Cape Town (legislative capital);
  • Bloemfontein (judicial capital).

National Day:

  • April 27 (Freedom Day).

Climate:

  • Mostly semiarid; subtropical along east coast; sunny days, cool nights.

Terrain:

  • Vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain.

Population:

  • 56, 52 million (2017 estimate).

Languages:

  • South Africa has eleven official languages, including  isiZulu (official), isiXhosa (official), Afrikaans (official), Sepedi (official), Setswana (official), English (official), Sesotho (official), Xitsonga (official), siSwati (official), Tshivenda (official) and isiNdebele (official).

Flag:

  • South African flag is two equal width horizontal bands of red (top) and blue separated by a central green band that splits into a horizontal Y, the arms of which end at the corners of the hoist side.

Currency:

  • South African rand (sign: R).

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 9 provinces includes; Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, North West, Western Cape.

Constitution:

  • It is latest drafted on May 8, 1996, approved by Constitutional Court on December 4, 1996 and effective on February 4, 1997.

Regime:

  • Parliamentary Republic

President of South Africa:

  • Cyril Ramaphosa

Natural resources:

  • Gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt and natural gas

Economy:

  • Agriculture products: Corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; beef, poultry, mutton, wool and dairy products.
  • Industries: Mining (world's largest producer of platinum, gold, chromium), automobile assembly, metalworking, machinery, textiles, iron and steel, chemicals, fertilizer, foodstuffs and commercial ship repair.
  • Main exports: Gold, diamonds, platinum, other metals and minerals, machinery and equipment.
  • Main imports: Machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum products, scientific instruments and foodstuffs.

Tourism:

  • The country has more than 290 conservation parks. It is home to almost 300 mammal species, about 860 bird species and 8 000 plant species. The annual sardine run is the biggest migration on the planet.
  • South Africa comprises eight world heritage sites and is divided into eight biomes.
  • The heritage sites are:

- Cradle of Humankind

- Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape

- Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape

- Robben Island

- Cape Floral Region Protected Areas

- iSimangaliso Wetland Park

- Vredefort Dome

- uKhahlamba / Drakensberg Park

  • The biomes are:

- Grassland

- Savanna

- Succulent Karoo

- Nama Karoo

- Forest

- Fynbos

- Desert

- Thicket