Burkina Faso Profile
Tuesday, April 2, 2019
Burkina Faso Profile

Location & Area:

  • Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa. It is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north; Niger to the east; Benin to the southeast; Togo and Ghana to the south; and Ivory Coast to the southwest.
  • It covers an area of 274,200 sq km (105,870 sq miles).

Capital and Largest City:

  • Ouagadougou

National Day:

  • December 11

Independence Day:

  • August 5, 1960


  • The climate is tropical, with a rainy season in the summer months due to the African monsoon, and a dry season in winter. In the north, the rainy season is shorter and less intense, so the climate is semi-arid, while in the south the rains last longer.


  • Mostly flat to dissected, undulating plains; hills in west and southeast.


  • 19,742,715 (July 2018 estimate)


  • French (official);
  • Indigenous languages


  • Burkina Faso’s flag is two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a yellow five-pointed star in the center.


  • CFA franc

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 13 regions includes; Boucle du Mouhoun, Cascades, Centre, Centre-Est, Centre-Nord, Centre-Ouest, Centre-Sud, Est, Hauts-Bassins, Nord, Plateau-Central, Sahel and Sud-Ouest.


  • Latest approved by referendum on June 2, 1991 and adopted on June 11, 1991.


  • Presidential Republic

President of Burkina Faso:

  • Roch Marc Christian Kaboré

Natural resources:

  • Manganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, phosphates, pumice and salt.


  • Agriculture products: Cotton, peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, sorghum, millet, corn, rice; livestock.
  • Industries: Cotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles, gold.
  • Main exports: Gold, cotton, livestock.
  • Main imports: Capital goods, foodstuffs, petroleum.