Djiboutian Profile
Djiboutian Profile

The Republic of Djibouti is a small country on the northeastern coast of Africa to the Red Sea and the Bab-el-Mandeb strait. It serves as a gateway to the Suez Canal and one of the world's busiest shipping routes.

Location & Area:

  • Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia.
  • It covers an area of 23,200 km2


  • Djibouti

National Day:

  • June 27


  • Desert; torrid, dry.


  • Coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains.


  • 884,017 (July 2018 estimate)


  • French (official);
  • Arabic (official);
  • Somali;
  • Afar


  • Djibouti’s flag is two equal horizontal bands of light blue (top) and light green with a white isosceles triangle based on the hoist side bearing a red five-pointed star in the center.


  • Djiboutian franc (DJF)

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 6 districts includes; Ali Sabieh, Arta, Dikhil, Djibouti, Obock, Tadjourah


  • It is approved by referendum on September 4, 1992 and amended in 2010.


  • Semi-Presidential Republic

President of Djibouti:

  • Ismaïl Omar Guelleh

Natural resources:

  • Potential geothermal power, gold, clay, granite, limestone, marble, salt, diatomite, gypsum, pumice and petroleum.


Djibouti's economy is based on service activities connected with the country's strategic location as a deep water port on the Red Sea.

  • Agriculture products: Fruits, vegetables; goats, sheep, camels and animal hides.
  • Industries: Construction, agricultural processing and shipping.
  • Main exports: Re-exports, hides and skins and scrap metal.
  • Main imports: Foods, beverages, transport equipment, chemicals, petroleum products and clothing.