Eritrean Profile
Eritrean Profile

Eritrea, officially the State of Eritrea is a country in the Horn of Africa, and it is a northeast African country on the Red Sea coast.

Location & Area:

  • Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan.
  • It covers an area of 117,600 km2.


  • Asmara (Asmera)

National Day:

  • May 24 (Independence Day)


  • Hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually, heaviest June to September); semiarid in western hills and lowlands.


  • Dominated by extension of Ethiopian north-south trending highlands, descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and on the southwest to flat-to-rolling plains.


  • 5,970,646 (July 2018 estimate).


  • Tigrinya (official);
  • Arabic (official);
  • English (official);
  • Tigre;
  • Kunama;
  • Afar;
  • Other Cushitic languages.


  • Eritrean flag is red isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) dividing the flag into two right triangles; the upper triangle is green, the lower one is blue; a gold wreath encircling a gold olive branch is centered on the hoist side of the red triangle.


  • Eritrean Nakfa (ERN).

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 6 regions includes; Anseba, Debub (South), Debubawi K'eyih Bahri (Southern Red Sea), Gash Barka, Ma'akel (Central) and Semenawi Keyih Bahri (Northern Red Sea).


  • The present Eritrean Constitution was ratified by an elected Constituent Assembly in May 1997.


  • Presidential Republic

President of Eritrea:

  • Isaias Afwerki

Natural resources:

  • Gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas and fish.


  • Agriculture products: Sorghum, lentils, vegetables, corn, cotton, tobacco, sisal; livestock, goats and fish.
  • Industries: Food processing, beverages, clothing and textiles, light manufacturing, salt and cement.
  • Main exports: Gold and other minerals, livestock, sorghum, textiles, food and small industry manufactures.
  • Main imports: Machinery, petroleum products, food and manufactured goods.