Eritrea, officially the State of Eritrea is a country in the Horn of Africa, and it is a northeast African country on the Red Sea coast.
Location & Area:
- Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan.
- It covers an area of 117,600 km2.
- Asmara (Asmera)
- May 24 (Independence Day)
- Hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually, heaviest June to September); semiarid in western hills and lowlands.
- Dominated by extension of Ethiopian north-south trending highlands, descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and on the southwest to flat-to-rolling plains.
- 5,970,646 (July 2018 estimate).
- Tigrinya (official);
- Arabic (official);
- English (official);
- Other Cushitic languages.
- Eritrean flag is red isosceles triangle (based on the hoist side) dividing the flag into two right triangles; the upper triangle is green, the lower one is blue; a gold wreath encircling a gold olive branch is centered on the hoist side of the red triangle.
- Eritrean Nakfa (ERN).
- It is divided into 6 regions includes; Anseba, Debub (South), Debubawi K'eyih Bahri (Southern Red Sea), Gash Barka, Ma'akel (Central) and Semenawi Keyih Bahri (Northern Red Sea).
- The present Eritrean Constitution was ratified by an elected Constituent Assembly in May 1997.
- Presidential Republic
President of Eritrea:
- Isaias Afwerki
- Gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas and fish.
- Agriculture products: Sorghum, lentils, vegetables, corn, cotton, tobacco, sisal; livestock, goats and fish.
- Industries: Food processing, beverages, clothing and textiles, light manufacturing, salt and cement.
- Main exports: Gold and other minerals, livestock, sorghum, textiles, food and small industry manufactures.
- Main imports: Machinery, petroleum products, food and manufactured goods.