Eswatinian Profile
Eswatinian Profile

Eswatini is a small mountainous kingdom in North Eastern South Africa on the border with Mozambique.

Location & Area:

  • Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa
  • It covers an area of 17,364 km2.


  • Mbabane (administrative capital);

  • Lobamba (royal and legislative capital)

National Day:

  • September 6 (Independence Day)


  • Varies from tropical to near temperate.


  • Mostly mountains and hills; some moderately sloping plains.


  • 1,087,200 (July 2018 estimate)


  • Swazi, English (both official)


  • Eswatini’s flag is three horizontal bands of blue (top), red (triple width), and blue; the red band is edged in yellow; centered in the red band is a large black and white shield covering two spears and a staff decorated with feather tassels, all placed horizontally.


  • Swazi lilangeni (SZL)

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 4 regions includes; Hhohho, Lubombo, Manzini and Shiselweni.


  • It is latest signed by the King on July 26, 2005 and effective on February 8, 2006.


  • Constitutional Monarchy

King of Eswatini:

  • Mswati III

Natural resources:

  • Asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc.


  • Agriculture products: Sugarcane, corn, cotton, citrus, pineapples, cattle and goats.
  • Industries: Soft drink concentrates, coal, forestry, sugar processing, textiles, and apparel.
  • Main exports: Soft drink concentrates, sugar, timber, cotton yarn, refrigerators, citrus, and canned fruit.
  • Main imports: Motor vehicles, machinery, transport equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products and chemicals.