Republic of the Gambia is the smallest country in Africa and is one of the West African countries.
Location & Area:
- Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal.
- It covers an area of 11,300 km2.
- February 18.
- Flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills.
- Tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (November to May).
- 2,092,731 (July 2018 estimate).
- Arabic (official).
- Gambian flag is three equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue with white edges, and green.
- Gambian dalasi
- It is divided into five regions includes; Central River, Lower River, North Bank, Upper River and West Coast and one city; Banjul.
- In May 2017, government leaders and the civil society elite met to put a framework for constitutional reforms.
- In December 2017, a Constitutional Review Committee was established, where the consultations ended with referendum on new constitution scheduled for late 2019.
- Presidential Republic (the current President is Adama Barrow since January 19, 2017).
President of Gambia:
- Fish, clay, silica sand, titanium (rutile and ilmenite), tin and zircon.
National income resources:
- Gambia’s economy is based on agriculture and trade.
- Banjul Port: It is one of the most important sources of national income in the country. It accounts for about 90% of the country's trade exchanges and is one of the ports responsible for financial exchanges in Mali, Conakry Guinea and Guinea-Bissau.
- Tourism in Banjul is one of the most important sources of country’s income as a major tourist center.
- Gambia has several important industries includes, manufacture of beeswax, timber and palm oil.
- It is the largest producer of peanuts globally.