Gambian Profile
Gambian Profile

Republic of the Gambia is the smallest country in Africa and is one of the West African countries.

Location & Area:

  • Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal.
  • It covers an area of 11,300 km2.


  • Banjul.

National Day:

  • February 18.


  • Flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by some low hills.


  • Tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (November to May).


  • 2,092,731 (July 2018 estimate).


  • Arabic (official).


  • Gambian flag is three equal horizontal bands of red (top), blue with white edges, and green.


  • Gambian dalasi

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into five regions includes; Central River, Lower River, North Bank, Upper River and West Coast and one city; Banjul.


  • In May 2017, government leaders and the civil society elite met to put a framework for constitutional reforms.
  • In December 2017, a Constitutional Review Committee was established, where the consultations ended with referendum on new constitution scheduled for late 2019.


  • Presidential Republic (the current President is Adama Barrow since January 19, 2017).

President of Gambia:

Adama Barrow

Natural resources:

  • Fish, clay, silica sand, titanium (rutile and ilmenite), tin and zircon.

National income resources:

  • Gambia’s economy is based on agriculture and trade.
  • Banjul Port: It is one of the most important sources of national income in the country. It accounts for about 90% of the country's trade exchanges and is one of the ports responsible for financial exchanges in Mali, Conakry Guinea and Guinea-Bissau.
  • Tourism in Banjul is one of the most important sources of country’s income as a major tourist center.

Major industries:

  • Gambia has several important industries includes, manufacture of beeswax, timber and palm oil.
  • It is the largest producer of peanuts globally.