Libya Profile
Tuesday, September 10, 2019
Libya Profile

Location & Area:

  • Libya is the fourth-largest country in Africa and the 16th biggest in the world. It stretches along the northeast coast of Africa between Tunisia and Algeria on the west and Egypt on the east; to the south are the Sudan, Chad, and Niger.
  • It covers an area of 1,759,540 sq km.


  • Tripoli

Independence Day:

  • December 24

Liberation Day:

  • October 23


  • Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior.


  • Mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions.


  • 6,754,507 (July 2018 estimate)


  • Arabic (official)


  • Libya’s flag is three horizontal bands of red (top), black (double width), and green with a white crescent and star centered on the black stripe.


  • Libyan dinar

Administrative divisions:


  • It is divided into 22 districts includes; Al Butnan, Al Jabal al Akhdar, Al Jabal al Gharbi, Al Jafarah, Al Jufrah, Al Kufrah, Al Marj, Al Marqab, Al Wahat, An Nuqat al Khams, Az Zawiyah, Banghazi (Benghazi), Darnah, Ghat, Misratah, Murzuq, Nalut, Sabha, Surt, Tarabulus (Tripoli), Wadi al Hayat and Wadi ash Shati.


  • The Constitutional Declaration is the current supreme law of Libya. It was finalized on August 3, 2011 by the National Transitional Council, and is intended to remain in effect until a permanent constitution is written and ratified in a referendum.


  • According to the Skhirat Agreement signed in the Moroccan city of Skhirat dated December 17, 2015 under the patronage of the United Nations, three entities were established to administer Libya: the Libyan House of Representatives, the Supreme Council of the State, and the Government of National Accord 

Natural resources:

  • Petroleum, natural gas and gypsum.


  • Agriculture products: Wheat, barley, olives, dates, citrus, vegetables, peanuts, soybeans and cattle.
  • Industries: Petroleum, petrochemicals, aluminum, iron and steel, food processing, textiles, handicrafts and cement.
  • Main exports: Crude oil, refined petroleum products, natural gas and chemicals.
  • Main imports: Machinery, semi-finished goods, food, transport equipment and consumer products.