Malagasy Profile
Malagasy Profile

Madagascar is the largest African island situated in the Indian Ocean, about 450 km (280 mi) east of the coast of Mozambique.

Location & Area:

  • Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique.
  • It covers an area of 587,041 km2.


  • Antananarivo

National Day:

  • June 26 (Independence Day)


  • Tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south.


  • Narrow coastal plain, high plateau and mountains in center.


  • 25,683,610 (July 2018 estimate)


  • French (official);
  • Malagasy (official);
  • English


  • Madagascar’s flag is two equal horizontal bands of red (top) and green with a vertical white band of the same width on hoist side


  • Malagasy ariary (Ar)

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 6 provinces includes; Antananarivo, Antsiranana, Fianarantsoa, Mahajanga, Toamasina and Toliara.


  • It is latest passed by referendum on November 17, 2010 and promulgated on December 11, 2010.


  • Semi-Presidential Republic

President of Madagascar:

  • Andry Rajoelina

Natural resources:

  • Graphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, rare earth elements, salt, quartz, tar sands, semiprecious stones, mica, fish and hydropower.


  • Agriculture products: Coffee, vanilla, sugarcane, cloves, cocoa, rice, cassava (manioc, tapioca), beans, bananas, peanuts and livestock products.
  • Industries: Meat processing, seafood, soap, beer, leather, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile assembly plant, paper, petroleum, tourism and mining.
  • Main exports: Coffee, vanilla, shellfish, sugar, cotton cloth, clothing, chromite, petroleum products, gems, ilmenite, cobalt and nickel.
  • Main imports: Capital goods, petroleum, consumer goods and food.