Mali is a landlocked country in interior of Western Africa, it have large parts in the north reach deep into the center of the Sahara.
Location & Area:
- It is bordered by Algeria in north, by Niger in east, by Burkina Faso and Cote d'Ivoire in south, by Guinea in south-west, and by Senegal and Mauritania in west.
- It covers an area of 1,240,192 km2.
- September 22 (Independence Day)
- Subtropical to arid; hot and dry (February to June); rainy, humid, and mild (June to November); cool and dry (November to February).
- Mostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna in south, rugged hills in northeast.
- 18,429,893 (July 2018 estimate)
- French (official);
- Bambara (Bamanankan), a Mande language.
- Mali’s flag is three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), yellow, and red.
- West African CFA franc
- It is divided into 8 regions includes; Gao, Kayes, Kidal, Koulikoro, Mopti, Segou, Sikasso, Tombouctou (Timbuktu) and 1 district; District de Bamako.
- It is latest drafted in August 1991, approved by referendum on January 12, 1992 and effective on February 25, 1992.
- Semi-Presidential Republic
President of Mali:
- Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta
- Gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, gypsum, granite, hydropower, note, bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits.
- Agriculture products: Cotton, millet, rice, corn, vegetables, peanuts; cattle, sheep and goats.
- Industries: Food processing; construction; phosphate and gold mining.
- Main exports: Cotton, gold and livestock.
- Main imports: Petroleum, machinery and equipment, construction materials, foodstuffs and textiles.