Mauritania is an Arab-African country officially known as the Islamic Republic of Mauritania.
Location & Area:
- Mauritania is located in north-west Africa and on the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Morocco and Algeria to the north, Senegal to the south and Mali to the east and south.
- It covers an area of 1,030,700 km2.
- 4.42 million (2017 estimate).
- 28 November (Independence Day)
- Desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty.
- Mostly barren, flat plains of the Sahara; some central hills.
- Mauritanian flag is green with a yellow, five-pointed star above a yellow, upward-pointing crescent; red stripes along the top and bottom edges.
- Mauritanian ouguiya (MRU)
- Mauritania is divided into 13 regions:
- Hodh El Gharbi
- Hodh Ech Chargui
- Tiris Zemmour
- Dakhlet Nouadhibou
- The current Constitution of Mauritania was adopted on July 12, 1991.
- It is a republican system and ruled by Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz.
President of Mauritania:
Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
- Union for Democratic Powers (New Era).
- Progressive Popular Coalition.
- Union for Progressive Powers.
- Rally for Mauritania.
- National Rally for Reform and Development Party.
- Mauritanian Union and Change Party.
- Right Party.
- Democratic Powers Alliance.
- Mauritania's economy is dominated by extractive industries such as oil, mines, fisheries, livestock, agriculture, and services.
- Mauritania's extensive mineral resources include iron ore, gold, copper, gypsum, and phosphate rock, and exploration is ongoing for tantalum, uranium, crude oil, and natural gas.
National income resources:
- Fishing, agriculture, mining and oil.
Most important tourist areas:
Nouakchott: It has the most important commercial and administrative centers, transportation, many commercial markets and modern communications, as well as hotels and architectural constructions.
The most important landmarks in Nouakchott: Mauritanian Institute, Banc d'Arguin National Park and Ouadane.