Mauritanian Profile
Mauritanian Profile

Mauritania is an Arab-African country officially known as the Islamic Republic of Mauritania.

Location & Area:

  • Mauritania is located in north-west Africa and on the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Morocco and Algeria to the north, Senegal to the south and Mali to the east and south.
  • It covers an area of 1,030,700 km2.


  • Nouakchott


  • 4.42 million (2017 estimate).


  • Arabic

National Day:

  • 28 November (Independence Day)


  • Desert; constantly hot, dry, dusty.


  • Mostly barren, flat plains of the Sahara; some central hills.


  • Mauritanian flag is green with a yellow, five-pointed star above a yellow, upward-pointing crescent; red stripes along the top and bottom edges.


  • Mauritanian ouguiya (MRU)

Administrative divisions:

  • Mauritania is divided into 13 regions:
  • Hodh El Gharbi
  • Hodh Ech Chargui
  • Inchiri
  • Tiris Zemmour
  • Nouakchott
  • Tagant
  • Trarza
  • Guidimaka
  • Gorgol
  • Dakhlet Nouadhibou
  • Brakna
  • Assaba
  • Adrar


  • The current Constitution of Mauritania was adopted on July 12, 1991.


  • It is a republican system and ruled by Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz.

President of Mauritania:

Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz

Political Parties:

  • Union for Democratic Powers (New Era).
  • Progressive Popular Coalition.
  • Union for Progressive Powers.
  • Rally for Mauritania.
  • National Rally for Reform and Development Party.
  • Mauritanian Union and Change Party.
  • Right Party.
  • Democratic Powers Alliance.


  • Mauritania's economy is dominated by extractive industries such as oil, mines, fisheries, livestock, agriculture, and services.
  • Mauritania's extensive mineral resources include iron ore, gold, copper, gypsum, and phosphate rock, and exploration is ongoing for tantalum, uranium, crude oil, and natural gas.

National income resources:

  • Fishing, agriculture, mining and oil.

Most important tourist areas:

Nouakchott: It has the most important commercial and administrative centers, transportation, many commercial markets and modern communications, as well as hotels and architectural constructions.

The most important landmarks in Nouakchott: Mauritanian Institute, Banc d'Arguin National Park and Ouadane.