Somali Profile
Somali Profile

The Federal Republic of Somalia, the easternmost country on mainland Africa is situated on the peninsula known as the Horn of Africa.

Location & Area:

  • Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia.
  • It covers an area of 637,657 km2.


  • Mogadishu

National Day:

  • July 1


  • Principally desert; northeast monsoon (December to February), moderate temperatures in north and hot in south; southwest monsoon (May to October), torrid in the north and hot in the south, irregular rainfall, hot and humid periods (tangambili) between monsoons.


  • Mostly flat to undulating plateau rising to hills in north.


  • 11,259,029 (July 2018 estimate)


  • Somali (official);
  • Arabic (official);
  • Italian;
  • English


  • Somalia’s flag is light blue with a large white five-pointed star in the center.


  • Somali Shilling (SOS)

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 18 regions includes; Awdal, Bakool, Banaadir, Bari, Bay, Galguduud, Gedo, Hiiraan, Jubbada Dhexe (Middle Jubba), Jubbada Hoose (Lower Jubba), Mudug, Nugaal, Sanaag, Shabeellaha Dhexe (Middle Shabeelle), Shabeellaha Hoose (Lower Shabeelle), Sool, Togdheer, Woqooyi Galbeed.


  • It is latest drafted on June 12, 2012 and approved on August 1, 2012 (provisional).


  • Federal Parliamentary Republic

President of Somalia:

  • Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed

Natural resources:

  • Uranium, reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas and likely oil reserves.


  • Agriculture products: Bananas, sorghum, corn, coconuts, rice, sugarcane, mangoes, sesame seeds, beans; cattle, sheep, goats and fish.
  • Industries: Light industries, including sugar refining, textiles and wireless communication.
  • Main exports: Livestock, bananas, hides, fish, charcoal and scrap metal.
  • Main imports: Manufactures, petroleum products, foodstuffs, construction materials and qat.