South African Profile
South African Profile

South Africa has one of the continent's biggest and most developed economies.

Location & Area:

  • Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa.
  • It covers an area of 1,219,090 km2.


  • Pretoria (administrative capital);
  • Cape Town (legislative capital);
  • Bloemfontein (judicial capital).

National Day:

  • April 27 (Freedom Day).


  • Mostly semiarid; subtropical along east coast; sunny days, cool nights.


  • Vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain.


  • 56, 52 million (2017 estimate).


  • South Africa has eleven official languages, including  isiZulu (official), isiXhosa (official), Afrikaans (official), Sepedi (official), Setswana (official), English (official), Sesotho (official), Xitsonga (official), siSwati (official), Tshivenda (official) and isiNdebele (official).


  • South African flag is two equal width horizontal bands of red (top) and blue separated by a central green band that splits into a horizontal Y, the arms of which end at the corners of the hoist side.


  • South African rand (sign: R).

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 9 provinces includes; Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, North West, Western Cape.


  • It is latest drafted on May 8, 1996, approved by Constitutional Court on December 4, 1996 and effective on February 4, 1997.


  • Parliamentary Republic

President of South Africa:

  • Cyril Ramaphosa

Natural resources:

  • Gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt and natural gas


  • Agriculture products: Corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; beef, poultry, mutton, wool and dairy products.
  • Industries: Mining (world's largest producer of platinum, gold, chromium), automobile assembly, metalworking, machinery, textiles, iron and steel, chemicals, fertilizer, foodstuffs and commercial ship repair.
  • Main exports: Gold, diamonds, platinum, other metals and minerals, machinery and equipment.
  • Main imports: Machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum products, scientific instruments and foodstuffs.


  • The country has more than 290 conservation parks. It is home to almost 300 mammal species, about 860 bird species and 8 000 plant species. The annual sardine run is the biggest migration on the planet.
  • South Africa comprises eight world heritage sites and is divided into eight biomes.
  • The heritage sites are:

- Cradle of Humankind

- Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape

- Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape

- Robben Island

- Cape Floral Region Protected Areas

- iSimangaliso Wetland Park

- Vredefort Dome

- uKhahlamba / Drakensberg Park

  • The biomes are:

- Grassland

- Savanna

- Succulent Karoo

- Nama Karoo

- Forest

- Fynbos

- Desert

- Thicket