South Africa has one of the continent's biggest and most developed economies.
Location & Area:
- Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the continent of Africa.
- It covers an area of 1,219,090 km2.
- Pretoria (administrative capital);
- Cape Town (legislative capital);
- Bloemfontein (judicial capital).
- April 27 (Freedom Day).
- Mostly semiarid; subtropical along east coast; sunny days, cool nights.
- Vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain.
- 56, 52 million (2017 estimate).
- South Africa has eleven official languages, including isiZulu (official), isiXhosa (official), Afrikaans (official), Sepedi (official), Setswana (official), English (official), Sesotho (official), Xitsonga (official), siSwati (official), Tshivenda (official) and isiNdebele (official).
- South African flag is two equal width horizontal bands of red (top) and blue separated by a central green band that splits into a horizontal Y, the arms of which end at the corners of the hoist side.
- South African rand (sign: R).
- It is divided into 9 provinces includes; Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, North West, Western Cape.
- It is latest drafted on May 8, 1996, approved by Constitutional Court on December 4, 1996 and effective on February 4, 1997.
- Parliamentary Republic
President of South Africa:
- Cyril Ramaphosa
- Gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt and natural gas
- Agriculture products: Corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; beef, poultry, mutton, wool and dairy products.
- Industries: Mining (world's largest producer of platinum, gold, chromium), automobile assembly, metalworking, machinery, textiles, iron and steel, chemicals, fertilizer, foodstuffs and commercial ship repair.
- Main exports: Gold, diamonds, platinum, other metals and minerals, machinery and equipment.
- Main imports: Machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum products, scientific instruments and foodstuffs.
- The country has more than 290 conservation parks. It is home to almost 300 mammal species, about 860 bird species and 8 000 plant species. The annual sardine run is the biggest migration on the planet.
- South Africa comprises eight world heritage sites and is divided into eight biomes.
- The heritage sites are:
- Cradle of Humankind
- Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape
- Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape
- Robben Island
- Cape Floral Region Protected Areas
- iSimangaliso Wetland Park
- Vredefort Dome
- uKhahlamba / Drakensberg Park
- The biomes are:
- Succulent Karoo
- Nama Karoo