South Sudanese Profile
South Sudanese Profile

South Sudan, officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa.

Location & Area:

  • East-Central Africa; south of Sudan, north of Uganda and Kenya, west of Ethiopia.
  • It covers an area of 644,329 km2.


  • Juba

National Day:

  • July 9 (Independence Day)


  • Hot with seasonal rainfall influenced by the annual shift of the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone; rainfall heaviest in upland areas of the south and diminishes to the north.


  • Plains in the north and center rise to southern highlands along the border with Uganda and Kenya; the White Nile, flowing north out of the uplands of Central Africa, is the major geographic feature of the country; The Sudd (a name derived from floating vegetation that hinders navigation) is a large swampy area of more than 100,000 km2 fed by the waters of the White Nile that dominates the center of the country.


  • 10,204,581 (July 2018 estimate)


  • English (official);
  • Arabic (includes Juba and Sudanese variants)


  • South Sudanese flag is three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green; the red band is edged in white; a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side contains a gold, five-pointed star.


  • South Sudanese pound (SSP)

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 10 states includes; Central Equatoria, Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei, Lakes, Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Unity, Upper Nile, Warrap, Western Bahr el Ghazal and Western Equatoria.


  • It is latest signed on July 7, 2011 and effective on July 9, 2011.


  • Presidential Republic

President of South Sudan:

  • Salva Kiir Mayardit

Natural resources:

  • Hydropower, fertile agricultural land, gold, diamonds, petroleum, hardwoods, limestone, iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica and silver.


  • Agriculture products: Sorghum, maize, rice, millet, wheat, gum Arabic, sugarcane, mangoes, papayas, bananas, sweet potatoes, sunflower seeds, cotton, sesame seeds, cassava (manioc, tapioca), beans, peanuts; cattle and sheep.