The United Republic of Tanzania is a nation in East Africa, lying between lines 29 and 41 east and latitudes 1° and 12° south.
Location & Area:
- Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique.
- It covers an area of 947,300 km2.
- Dodoma (legislative capital);
- Dar es Salaam (administrative capital).
- April 26 (Union Day).
- Varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands.
- Plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south.
- 55,451,343 (July 2018 estimate).
- Kiswahili or Swahili (official);
- English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education).
- Tanzanian flag is divided diagonally by a yellow-edged black band from the lower hoist-side corner; the upper triangle (hoist side) is green and the lower triangle is blue.
- Tanzanian shilling (TZS).
- It is divided into 31 regions includes; Arusha, Dar es Salaam, Dodoma, Geita, Iringa, Kagera, Kaskazini Pemba (Pemba North), Kaskazini Unguja (Zanzibar North), Katavi, Kigoma, Kilimanjaro, Kusini Pemba (Pemba South), Kusini Unguja (Zanzibar Central/South), Lindi, Manyara, Mara, Mbeya, Mjini Magharibi (Zanzibar Urban/West), Morogoro, Mtwara, Mwanza, Njombe, Pwani (Coast), Rukwa, Ruvuma, Shinyanga, Simiyu, Singida, Songwe, Tabora and Tanga.
- Latest adopted on April 25, 1977.
- Presidential Republic
President of Tanzania:
- John Magufuli
Tanzania's foreign policy is based on several principles:
- Promoting the peaceful resolution of disputes;
- Protecting political, economic, social and cultural interests through active and sustainable economic diplomacy;
- Maintaining peace and national security, and supporting regional and international endeavors to create a better and peaceful world;
- Accelerating the political and social economic integration of the region and effective participating in regional and international negotiations.
- Hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas and nickel.
- Agriculture products: Coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat, cassava (manioc, tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables; cattle, sheep and goats.
- Industries: Agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine); mining (diamonds, gold, and iron), salt, soda ash; cement, oil refining, shoes, apparel, wood products and fertilizer.
- Main exports: Gold, coffee, cashew nuts, manufactures and cotton.
- Main imports: Consumer goods, machinery and transportation equipment, industrial raw materials and crude oil.