Tanzanian Profile
Tanzanian Profile

The United Republic of Tanzania is a nation in East Africa, lying between lines 29 and 41 east and latitudes 1° and 12° south.

Location & Area:

  • Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique.
  • It covers an area of 947,300 km2.


  • Dodoma (legislative capital);
  • Dar es Salaam (administrative capital).

National Day:

  • April 26 (Union Day).


  • Varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands.


  • Plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south.


  • 55,451,343 (July 2018 estimate).


  • Kiswahili or Swahili (official);
  • English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education).


  • Tanzanian flag is divided diagonally by a yellow-edged black band from the lower hoist-side corner; the upper triangle (hoist side) is green and the lower triangle is blue.


  • Tanzanian shilling (TZS).

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 31 regions includes; Arusha, Dar es Salaam, Dodoma, Geita, Iringa, Kagera, Kaskazini Pemba (Pemba North), Kaskazini Unguja (Zanzibar North), Katavi, Kigoma, Kilimanjaro, Kusini Pemba (Pemba South), Kusini Unguja (Zanzibar Central/South), Lindi, Manyara, Mara, Mbeya, Mjini Magharibi (Zanzibar Urban/West), Morogoro, Mtwara, Mwanza, Njombe, Pwani (Coast), Rukwa, Ruvuma, Shinyanga, Simiyu, Singida, Songwe, Tabora and Tanga.


  • Latest adopted on April 25, 1977.


  • Presidential Republic

President of Tanzania:

  • John Magufuli

Foreign policy:

Tanzania's foreign policy is based on several principles:

  • Promoting the peaceful resolution of disputes;
  • Protecting political, economic, social and cultural interests through active and sustainable economic diplomacy;
  • Maintaining peace and national security, and supporting regional and international endeavors to create a better and peaceful world;
  • Accelerating the political and social economic integration of the region and effective participating in regional and international negotiations.

Natural resources:

  • Hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas and nickel.


  • Agriculture products: Coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat, cassava (manioc, tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables; cattle, sheep and goats.
  • Industries: Agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine); mining (diamonds, gold, and iron), salt, soda ash; cement, oil refining, shoes, apparel, wood products and fertilizer.
  • Main exports: Gold, coffee, cashew nuts, manufactures and cotton.
  • Main imports: Consumer goods, machinery and transportation equipment, industrial raw materials and crude oil.