Tunisia is one of the Arab-African countries located in North Africa. It is strategically located in the middle of the distance between the Suez Canal and the Strait of Gibraltar.
Location & Area:
- Tunisia is located in northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya.
- It covers an area of 162.155 km2.
- Tunis City is Tunisia's largest city in terms of population.
- Temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south.
- Mountains in north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara.
- 20 March (Independence Day)
- Tunisian dinar (TND)
- Tunisian flag is red with a white disk in the center bearing a red crescent nearly encircling a red five-pointed star.
- 11,304,5 million (July 2016 estimate)
- Tunisia is administratively divided into six regions, with 24 governorates includes; Beja (Bajah), Ben Arous (Bin 'Arus), Bizerte (Banzart), Gabes (Qabis), Gafsa (Qafsah), Jendouba (Jundubah), Kairouan (Al Qayrawan), Kasserine (Al Qasrayn), Kebili (Qibili), Kef (Al Kaf), L'Ariana (Aryanah), Mahdia (Al Mahdiyah), Manouba (Manubah), Medenine (Madanin), Monastir (Al Munastir), Nabeul (Nabul), Sfax (Safaqis), Sidi Bouzid (Sidi Bu Zayd), Siliana (Silyanah), Sousse (Susah), Tataouine (Tatawin), Tozeur (Tawzar), Tunis, Zaghouan (Zaghwan).
- Constitution of February 10, 2014.
It is a republican system, the legislature consists of People's Assembly, the executive authority exercises by the President of the Republic, a government headed by the Prime Minister and the judiciary is an independent authority.
President of Tunisia:
- Beji Caid Essebsi
Tunisia has a diversified economy; it depends on tourism, manufacturing, agriculture and mining sectors.
Natural resources: Petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, and salt.
Main industries: Petroleum industries, iron and phosphate mining, textiles and food packaging.
Agricultural products: Olives, dates, almonds, grains, citrus, vegetables, fruits, sugar-cane, beets and vineyards.
Main imports: Cars, oil gas and refined oil.
Main exports: Textile industries, insulated wires, olive oil, non-refined oil and mechanical and electronic parts.
The foreign policy of Tunisia is based on a number of principles that illustrate Tunisia’s attachment, as a peace-loving country, to international legality, so as to enhance conditions of understanding, tolerance and solidarity between States and peoples, confer more justice, democracy and balance on international relations, and promote security, stability, well-being and progress for the benefit of humanity.
These principles could be summarized as follows:
- Clinging to international legality as well as to respect of its requirements and decisions;
- Clinging to peace by favouring the logic of dialogue, negotiation and peaceful ways for the settlement of disputes and conflicts;
- Developing international relations within the context of mutual respect and commitment in favour of non-interference in internal affairs of other States;
- Supporting just causes;
- Contributing to all efforts and actions in favour of peace, security and stability, human Rights promotion and fulfillment of well-being and progress for the benefit of humanity in its entirety.
Most Popular Cities:
- Medina of Tunis: It is in the heart of Tunis, characterized by its unique markets and architecture. UNESCO has listed it on the World Heritage Site.
- Carthage: It is famous for its beauty and varied Roman, Christian and Islamic monuments such as Byrsa hill, Carthage National Museum, Macon District, Punic Ports, Tanit Temple and Roman Odeon dwellings.
- Kairouan: It is a historic city built by the Arab leader Uqba ibn Nafi, the most famous of which is the Kairouan Mosque.
- Aïn Draham: It has European climate and architecture.
- Hammamet: It is famous for its beautiful coastlines, soft sands and picturesque landscapes.
- Sousse: It is historic and tourist city famous for its Phoenician monuments.