Zimbabwean Profile
Zimbabwean Profile

Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in southern Africa, lying between latitudes 15° and 23°S, and longitudes 25° and 34°E.

Location & Area:

  • Southern Africa, between South Africa and Zambia.
  • It covers an area of 390,757 km2.


  • Harare

National Day:

  • April 18


  • Tropical; moderated by altitude; rainy season (November to March).


  • Mostly high plateau with higher central plateau (high veld); mountains in east.


  • 14,030,368 (July 2018 estimate)


  • Shona (official; most widely spoken);
  • Ndebele (official, second most widely spoken);
  • English (official; traditionally used for official business);
  • 13 minority languages.


  • Zimbabwe’s flag is seven equal horizontal bands of green (top), yellow, red, black, red, yellow, and green with a white isosceles triangle edged in black with its base on the hoist side.


  • South African Rand (R), Botswana Pula (P), Sterling (£), US Dollars ($) and Zimbabwe Dollars.

Administrative divisions:

  • It is divided into 8 provinces includes; Manicaland, Mashonaland Central, Mashonaland East, Mashonaland West, Masvingo, Matabeleland North, Matabeleland South and Midlands and two cities with provincial status includes; Bulawayo and Harare.


  • Latest final draft completed on January 2013, approved by referendum on March 16, 2013, approved by Parliament on May 9, 2013 and effective on May 22, 2013.


  • Semi-presidential Republic.

President of Zimbabwe:

  • Emmerson Mnangagwa

Foreign policy:

  • Zimbabwe’s foreign policy objectives are grounded in safeguarding the country’s sovereignty and territorial integrity; the protection of its prestige and image; the pursuit of policies that improve the standard of living of all Zimbabweans wherever they are; and the creation and maintenance of an international environment conducive for the attainment of these goals.

Natural resources:

  • Coal, chromium ore, asbestos, gold, nickel, copper, iron ore, vanadium, lithium, tin and platinum group metals.


  • Agriculture products: Tobacco, corn, cotton, wheat, coffee, sugarcane, peanuts; sheep, goats and pigs.
  • Industries: Mining (coal, gold, platinum, copper, nickel, tin, diamonds, clay, numerous metallic and nonmetallic ores), steel; wood products, cement, chemicals, fertilizer, clothing and footwear, foodstuffs and beverages.
  • Main exports: Platinum, cotton, tobacco, gold, ferroalloys and textiles/clothing.
  • Main imports: Machinery and transport equipment, other manufactures, chemicals, fuels and food products.