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The Herald – Zimbabwe
The debate on the inaugural African Union and United Nations Wildlife Economy Summit is critical in proffering lasting solutions to the human-wildlife conflict that have been at the centre stage of conservation issues in the region.
The summit is important because wildlife and natural conservation issues have become the subject of intense debate, amid concern over the growing population of wild animals particularly elephants in Southern African.
The region wants long lasting solutions to illegal and legal trade, human-wildlife conflict as well as establishing a common ground on concrete interventions to address current challenges posed.
In Zimbabwe, the human-wildlife interactions have not been positive and ideal, as many would have wanted. They have been characterised by despair, anguish and trauma, with people losing their lives in communities that border wildlife conservancy areas.
Already the reports are too numerous to mention of villagers who were gored to death, crops and water points destroyed as both human and wild animals fought for the limited turf.
The problem has become magnanimous because of the unabated growth of elephants against the available space for their upkeep and sustenance. Suffice to say nothing has been done to curtail the growth because of the ban enforced by the Convention on International Trade on Endangered Species (CITES).
The conditions for trade in elephants and their derivatives have been quite emotive with onerous conditions being placed upon those countries whose elephant populations are currently on Appendix II.
CITES listed elephants under Appendix II — where Zimbabwe is — meaning these animals are not necessarily threatened by extinction, but their trade requires control to avoid use that would interfere with their survival.
As a result, they have been intense debates over such a decision, with contestations being put on the public forum on whether the wildlife concerns should precede over human lives.
Numerous they may have been, these discussions have not yielded much on what should be done to balance the scales between wildlife and several human considerations.
According to available statistics, Southern Africa is home to the largest population of elephants on the continent, with over 50 percent of these elephants found within the Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area.
Such a huge population of elephants in addition to other wild animals such as rhinos are already posing a serious threat to human life and the environment, notwithstanding the costs associated in keeping such a huge herd.
For instance, the Hwange National Park, which is about 14 700 square kilometres — the size of Belgium — currently has more than 35 000 elephants, yet it can only carry 14 000.
With no river flowing through the game park, the national park has to pump more than 550 000 litres of water a day to be used by the wildlife. Even the pressure that such a huge herd puts on the environment is unimaginable, never mind the daily threats to human lives, that has already been catastrophic in recent years.
In the last five years more than 200 people have been killed in human-wildlife with over 7 000 hectares having been destroyed in the last five years nationally. It is in light of such unfortunate situations that the region would need to expedite proper conservative initiatives, to avert further loss of lives.
Cites would need to reconsider its position and allow for the ivory and rhino trade to decongest wildlife conservancies that are already operating beyond their normal capacity.
We therefore support President Mnangagwa’s call on Cites to take a developmental approach which promotes a balance between conservation and sustainable utilisation.
“We call upon the institution to resist the temptation of being a ‘policing institution’ and instead be a developmental one which promotes the intricate balance between conservation and sustainable utilisation of wildlife resources,” said President Mnangagwa during the official opening of the summit this week.
We are already sitting on ivory and rhino stockpiles worth US$600 million which the President rightly said can be used to support several conservation of wildlife natural resources projects for the next two decades.
Zimbabwe and the region at large can still earn a lot of money through live sales of elephants, which are currently not being done because of the standing Cites ban.
With the bloc struggling to create employment for its population, eradicate poverty and come up with broad-based empowerment programmes, proceeds from wildlife and natural conservation should be used to aid the cause.
We believe that will soon be achieved, looking at the unity of purpose being displayed by the heads of states to deal with the problem, by convening for such meetings.
Sada elbald – Egypt
by Hassan El-Khawaga
Madagascar is an island country in the Indian Ocean lying off the southeastern coast of Africa. It is the fourth largest island in the world following Greenland, New Guinea, and Borneo.
Nearly off the African coast by 400 kilometers, the French-speaking country comprises the island of Madagascar and numerous smaller peripheral islands.
Its capital is Antananarivo. The country is a biodiversity hotspot as over 90% of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth.
The country was covered by evergreen and deciduous forests. But overpopulation and other reasons threaten the unique wildlife there.
It is considered a paradise for wildlife lovers. It contains about 800 species of butterflies and a variety of spiders as well as numerous species of birds and fish.
The country is divided into about 20 ethnic groups. The most dominant of the groups is the Merina people.
One of the amazing facts in the country is that men and women wear the same clothes (The Lamba). It is the traditional garment worn by islanders. It consists of a rectangular length of cloth wrapped around the body.
Visa to Madagascar
All travelers to Madagascar are required to obtain a visa to enter the country. They could obtain it online or upon their arrival at the airport.
Visas are available for stays up to 30, 60 or 90 days. The 30-day visas cost €31 (EGP 587.87). The 60-day visa costs €39 (EGP 739.45). The 90-day visa costs €54 (EGP 1,024).
While eVisa application must be submitted at least 72 hours before departure through this website https://www.e-visa-madagascar.com/
Top Tourist Destinations
The island is a magnet for different travelers, beach lovers, and adventures. Tourists will feel like a country forgotten by time.
They can see the far-flung rainforests, sparkling sands and thousands of plant and animal species found nowhere else in the world.
Let’s explore the best places to visit in Madagascar:
– Ranomafana National Park
– Masoala National Park
– Royal Hill of Ambohimanga
– Ifaty Villages
– Avenue of the Baobabs
– Tsingy de Bemaraha
– Isalo National Park
– Ile Sainte Marie Island
Egypt Today – Egypt
By: Samar Samir
Amid increasing temperature and signs of global warming, the UK passed on Thursday a law, per which the kingdom will commit targeting its strategy of net zero emissions by 2050, according to a statement from the UK government.
“The UK kick-started the Industrial Revolution, which was responsible for economic growth across the globe but also for increasing emissions,” said UK Energy and Clean Growth Minister Chris Skidmore after signing the legislature.
“Today we’re leading the world yet again in becoming the first major economy to pass new laws to reduce emissions to net zero by 2050 while remaining committed to growing the economy - putting clean growth at the heart of our modern Industrial Strategy,” he added.
During her visit to Japan to attend the G20 Summit, UK’s outgoing Prime Minister Theresa May announced that she will push other leaders at the Summit to take more action concerning the climate change impacts.
Meanwhile, Secretary-General of the United Nations said on his official Twitter that world leaders demand to take an immediate action trough green economy offers; however, he added that such economy needs political will.
The green economy offers countless benefits. But to reap them we need rapid transition, deep transformation, and political will.
Th Global warming was mainly caused by the industrial revolution in since the 18th century.
According to NASA’s latest data on climate change, the carbon dioxide has currently reached 411 parts per million and the Arctic ice melts by 12.8 percent per decade.
Temperature of the globe increased by 0.85 c degrees in the period between 1880 and 2012, raising sea level by 19 cm and is expected to increase to 24 and 30 cm by 2065, according to the United Nations facts.
The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) issued a report in October 2018 said that if the world limited the global warming to 1.5c rather than 2c would “ensure more sustainable and equitable society.”
Taking legal actions, the United Nations launched in 1992 its Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) which aimed to curb the human interference into the climate system. Three years later, Kyoto Protocol which binds the developed countries [the causes of industrial revolution] to cut their shares of global greenhouse gases via investing eco-friendly projects in developing countries.
To accelerate tacking actions on this inevitable issue, world leaders reached Paris Agreement in 2015 to prevent the increase of global warming above 2C by 2100.
In case the world leader did not take an immediate action, the climate change impact would be grave and cause famine to more than 120 million people around the globe, said UN Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights, Philip Alston in a report.
“We risk a ‘climate apartheid’ scenario where the wealthy pay to escape overheating, hunger, and conflict while the rest of the world is left to suffer,” he said.